Using Facebook is the online equivalent of staring at yourself in the mirror, according to a study.Those who spent more time updating their profile on the social networking site were more likely to be narcissists, said researchers.
Researcher Soraya Mehdizadeh from York University in Canada asked 100 students, 50 male and 50 female, aged between 18 and 25 about their Facebook habits.
They all took psychology tests to measure their levels of narcissism, which the study defined as ‘a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and an exaggerated sense of self-importance’.
Those who scored higher on the narcissism test checked their Facebook pages more often each day than those who did not.
There was also a difference between men and women – men generally promoted themselves by written posts on their Facebook page while women tended to carefully select the pictures in their profile.
While Ralph Waters used a to-and-fro system (2), the German gynecologist Carl J. Wieland did advocate the use of a circle system for application of purified acetylene as an inhalation anaesthetic (3).
The introduction of the highly combustible anaesthetic gas cyclopropane in 1933 urged anaesthetists to use fresh gas flows as low as possible to reduce pollution of the operating room and, thus, to minimize the risk of inadvertent explosions (4).In 1954 halothane was introduced, a new volatile anaesthetic characterized by high anaesthetic potency yet narrow therapeutical width.To ensure patients safety, the use of this anaesthetic was bound to the knowledge of the applied vapour concentration.The findings, published in the journal Cyberpsychology, Behaviour And Social Networking, also suggested that those with low self-esteem also checked their Facebook pages more regularly than normal.This may not be altogether surprising as it is widely thought, however contradictory it may appear, that narcissism is linked to a deep-rooted lack of self-esteem.Miss Mehdizadeh admitted that not everyone would appreciate her findings.