Which of the following statements comes closest to your belief about God -- you believe in God, you don't believe in God, but you do believe in a universal spirit or higher power, or you don't believe in either?
For each, please say if it is a major reason why (you have switched from one religious preference to another/you have moved away from religion altogether), a minor reason, or not a reason at all. As you may know, books and movies that raise doubts about Jesus and the Bible such as The Da Vinci Code are getting a lot of attention from the public.
For each of the following, please say whether you think it is a major reason why these books and movies are getting so much attention, a minor reason, or not a reason at all. Which of the following comes closer to your view about books or movies that raise doubts about Jesus Christ or the Bible -- [ROTATED: they are a reflection of the human nature of some people to be skeptical about religion, (or) they are the work of the devil trying to destroy people's religious beliefs, whether the authors are aware of it or not]?
Albanian / Amharic / Arabic / Bengali / Bosnian / Chinese / Dutch / English / Finnish / French / German / Hindi / Indonesian / Malay / Persian / Oromo / Russian / Swedish / Somali / Tamil / Telugu / Thai / Turkish / Urdu [The author received his M. in Theology from the Australian Catholic University in 2007.
The following paper was an independent research project counting towards the MA degree and receiving high recognition.] The interaction between the Orthodox Christians of the Byzantine Empire and Islam began with the initial Muslim invasion of the eastern provinces in the seventh century and lasted until the final destruction of the Byzantine Empire with the capture of Constantinople in 1453.
Some of the specifically polemical works have been studied but little else.
In order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the relationship between Islam and Byzantium the spectrum of Byzantine literature needs to be surveyed and analysed. Many Byzantines would never have seen a real life Muslim.
Their encounters would usually have consisted of contacts to travelling merchants or otherwise military encounters.
However, the frontier was more fluid for Orthodox Christians.
The initial meeting was on the battlefield as the Caliphate swept away the eastern provinces of the Byzantine Empire.
As the Islamic military impetus petered out the two civilizations began a long period of mutual distrust interspaced with periods of war and a grudging status quo.
Millions of Orthodox Christians were living under Islamic rule.