The Western Mediterranean is hard to beat for culture-rich ports, whether it's the museums and galleries of Lisbon or the fantastical works of Picasso and Gaudí in Barcelona.As well as the region's big-name attractions, this cruise also calls at quieter Spanish ports and peaceful islands where you can enjoy the simple pleasures of Mediterranean life.Discover the charms of Gibraltar and Malta before heading to the furthest reaches of Eastern Europe, exploring Varna, Constanta and Odessa, and ending up on Russian shores.
) and an early species of human occupied the cave site of Cueva Victoria in southeastern Spain.
It is a location not far from where many scientists have hypothesized that humans may have crossed over into Europe from North Africa through the Strait of Gibraltar at a time when seal levels were low enough to provide a land bridge between the two continents.
Using paleomagnetism, uranium-thorium, and vertebrate biostratigraphy dating techniques, Luis Gibert of the University of Barcelona, Spain, and colleagues from several other institutions conducted testing on fossiliferous breccia samples and other deposit samples from the cave.
Their results showed that the fossil evidence for the Theropithecus presence was constrained to a range between .9 and .85 Mya.
Similar dates have been obtained through previous studies on the Cueva Negra cave in the same region of Spain, which contained evidence of early human (The authors of the study suggest that the presence of the same species of Theropithecus, including Homo, at about the same time in North Africa, coupled with the absence of Theropithecus fossils elsewhere in Europe, supports the hypothesis of a dispersal of the two primates (Theropithecus and Homo) through the Strait of Gibraltar almost 1 million years ago.
During this time, sea levels were low enough to create a land bridge at the Strait between Africa and Europe.Previous studies by other teams have also suggested another, earlier human dispersal into southeastern Spain through the Strait of Gibraltar at about 1.3 million years ago, and the famous research and Homo fossil discoveries at _________________________________________________________________ *Luis Gibert, et al., Chronology for the Cueva Victoria fossil site (SE Spain): Evidence for Early Pleistocene Afro-Iberian dispersals, 12 November 2015, Journal of Human Evolution.This richly illustrated issue includes the following stories: Two remarkable discoveries that are shedding light on human beginnings in Africa; a traveling exhibit and an archaeological site that show how knowledge is more valuable than gold; a Spanish cave and a unique burial that are offering a tantalizing glimpse on the lives of Ice Age hunter-gatherers in Europe; the stunning visual reconstruction of an ancient Roman town; enlightening new finds at a remarkably well-preserved site of ancient Hellenistic-Roman culture overlooking the Sea of Galilee; rare finds that are shedding light on occult practices among ancient Greeks in Sicily; and an overview of the overwhelmingly rich archaeological heritage of Britain. As a citizen scientist, you’ll excavate alongside Crow Canyon archaeologists and help us understand a defining time in Pueblo Indian culture.Our volunteers support our mission of archaeological research, education programs, and partnership with American Indians.Crow Canyon is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization located near Mesa Verde in southwest Colorado.Learn more at Global Heritage Fund (GHF), a 501 (c)(3) non-profit organization, is an international conservancy dedicated to preserving endangered World Heritage Sites in developing countries to improve lives of local people.